ISAV K. N. Toosi University of Technology

6th International Conference on Acoustics and Vibration

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  Welcome to Tehran

Tehran

Introduction

Overview and History

Tehran is the capital of Iran and the largest city in the Middle East, with a population of fifteen million people living under the peaks of the Alborz mountain range. In the seventeenth century Tehran became home to the rulers of the Safavid Dynasty. This is the period when the wall around the city was first constructed. Tehran became the capital of Iran in 1795 and amazingly fast growth followed over the next two hundred years. The recent history of Tehran saw construction of apartment complexes and wide avenues in place of the old Persian gardens, to the detriment of the city’s cultural history.

Getting There

Mehrabad airport is the original one which is currently in the process of being replaced by Imam Khomeini International Airport. The new one is farther away from the city but it now receives all the international traffic, so allow an extra hour to get there or back. Transportation Tehran driving can be a wild free-for-all like some South American cities, so get ready for shared taxis, confusing bus routes and a brand new shiny metro system to make it all better. To be fair, there is a great highway system here. The metro has four lines, tickets cost 2000IR, and they have segregated cars. The women-only carriages are the last two at the end, FYI. Taxis come in two flavors, shared and private. Private taxis are more expensive but easier to manage for the visiting traveler. Tehran has a mean rush hour starting at seven AM and lasting until 8PM in its evening version. Solution? Motorcycle taxis! They cut through the traffic and any spare nerves you might have left.

People and Culture

More than sixty percent of Tehranis were born outside of the city, making it as ethnically and linguistically diverse as the country itself. Tehran is the most secular and liberal city in Iran and as such it attracts students from all over the country. Things to do, Recommendations Take the metro to the Tehran Bazaar at the stop “Panzda Gordad”. There you can find anything and everything — shoes, clothes, food, gold, machines and more. Just for the sight of it alone you should take a trip there. If you like being outside, go to Darband and drink tea in a traditional setting. Tehranis love a good picnic and there are plenty of parks to enjoy. Try Mellat park on a friday (fridays are public holidays), or maybe Park Daneshjou, Saaii or Jamshidieh. Remember to go upstairs and have a look around, always always always! The Azadi Tower should fit the bill; it was constructed to commemorate the 2500th anniversary of the Persian Empire. Tehran is also full of museums such as:

  • the Contemporary Art Museum
  • the Abghine Musuem (glass works)
  • the 19th century Golestan Royal Palace museum
  • the museum of carpets (!!!)
  • Reza Abbasi Museum of extraordinary miniatures
  • and most stunning of all, the Crown Jewels Museum which holds the largest pink diamond in the world and many other jaw-dropping jewels.

Handicrafts

Main handicrafts of Tehran include; Etching, lathing, Basket-making, Pottery & Carpet-weaving

Tourism Attractions

Tehran, as Iran’s showcase and capital city, has a wealth of cultural attractions. The Peacock Throne of the Persian Kings (Shahs) can be found in Tehran’s Golestan Palace. Some of the well-known museums are National Museum of Iran, Sa’dabad Palaces Complex, Glassware and Ceramics Museum of Iran, The Carpet Museum of Iran, Tehran’s Underglass painting Museum, Niavaran Palace Complex, and Safir Office Machines Museum. The Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art features the works of great artists such as Van Gogh, Pablo Picasso and Andy Warhol. The collection of these paintings were selected by the former Empress Farah Diba. Tehran is also home to the Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels, also called the Imperial Crown Jewels of Persia, it is claimed to be the largest, most dazzling and valuable jewel collection in the world. The collection comprises a set of crowns and thrones, some 30 tiaras, numerous aigrettes, jewel-studded swords and shields, a vast amount of precious loose gems, including the largest collections of emeralds, rubies and diamonds in the world. It also includes other items collected by the Shahs of Iran during the 2,500 year existence of the Iranian Kingdom. The Imperial Crown Jewels are still on display in the Iranian Central Bank in Tehran.

  • Golestan Palace
  • Arg Square
  • Azadi Square
  • Baharestan Square
  • Beinol Haramein Bazaar
  • Dayr Caravansary
  • Eshrat Abad Palace
  • Description: http://welcometoiran.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/golestan-150x150.jpgThis palace was constructed in the year 1268 AH. under the order of Naseredin Shah. This palace is comprised of the entrance along with various pavillions, such as mirror, diamonds, ivory and crystal pavillions as well as Salam pavillion.

Other Attractions:

Hassan Abad Square

Mirza Yusof Aashtiani, the Grand Chancellor of Naseredin Shah constructed this square in the name of his son Mirza Hassan Mostowfi-ol-Mamalek. From 1303 till 1312 AH. four buildings were constructed in four sides of the square in adaptation to Paladio.

Howz Caravansary

The said caravansary was formerly a place for tremendous passenger traffic being en route Tehran – Qom – Esfahan. But today due to the diversion of the former route, this ‘inn’ has been deprived of passengers.

Imam Jomeh House

Imam Jomeh house is one of the magnificent buildings of second half of 13th century AH. and was used to be the residence of ‘Imam Jomeh’ or the Friday Praying Leader, prior to Islamic Revolution.

Marmar Palace

This palace was built during the years 1934 -1937 AD. with a combination of eastern and western architecture. Hossein Lorzadeh was the architect and Ostad Yazdi was responsible for the tile-works.

Chitgar Forest Park

Chitgar Forest Park is situated in Tehran province, Iran. It is an artificial forest and covers an area of 14.5 square kilometers west of Tehran. It lies within the borders of Tehran’s district 22. It also has different ramps and facilities for cycling and skating. It is one of the largest parks of the province, and can be used throughout the year. This park is very popular with the population of the Tehran and Karaj and being situated on the way of the West-East wind in the province it has a purifing effect on Tehran’s air.

Latyan Dam

Latyan Dam (Persian: سد لتيان sad-de latyān) is a dam located less than 25 km from Tehran. It is one of the main sources of water for Tehran metropolitan region. Mount Tochal (Persian: توچال Tochāl) is a mountain in the Alborz range and a ski resort adjacent to metropolitan Tehran, Iran. The mountain has a 12 km long ridgeline. The highest peak, also called Mount Tochal, is at an elevation of 3,964 m (13,005 feet) and at coordinates 35°53′N 51°25′E35.88°N 51.42°E.

Churches

  • Sourp Asdvatzatzin Church (St. Mary) (Nadery st., Tehran)
  • St. Vartanantz Apostolic Church (Sartarabad, Teheran)
  • St. Gregory the Illuminator Armenian Apostolic Church (Zeitoun, Teheran)
  • Sourp Tatyos – Partoghomyos Armenian Apostolic Church (Teheran)

 

Accommodations

Name

Stars

Phone No.

Website

Address

Azadi Grand Hotel

5

+98 21 2207 3021

Link

Chamran expressway, near evin crossing

Espinas International Hotel

5

N/A

Link

No 126, Keshavarz BLVD

Ferdowsi Grand Hotel

4

+98 21 66727026

Link

24 sabt st, off ferdosi st

Homa Hotel

5

+98 21 8877 3021

Link

51 khoddami st

Laleh International Hotel

5

+98 21 8896 5021

Link

Hejab st, Cnr dr hossein fatemi ave

 

More hotels in Tehran and rates

Things to do

Matrix Paintball Clubrand Hotel

Matrix paintball club is located in Enghelab sport complex and with 3500 square meters ,it’s the largest indoor paintball field in the world ! With 3 story buildings,caves, suspended bridges and lots of trenches you can enjoy the war between you ,your team mates and other friends as opponents.

Tehran Bazaar

Tehran Bazaar area is absolutely worth visiting, there you can find anything you ever may need: food clothes, shoes, gold, tools, machines – everything. To see the real life and feel the heat of Tehran this is just the place to go, even if you are not going to buy anything. But you may anyway, because the prices are more than reasonable.

Sports & Activities

Tehran is full of sporting facilities as the city and its people love the game of soccer. In fact, they numerous stadiums dedicated to the sport, the biggest being Azadi Stadium. So they have plenty of space and plenty of teams as well, there are seven club team clubs with the best of Iranian soccer and the most beloved, the Iranian Premier League. Tourists have no problem getting out in the fresh air in Tehran. The city has countless parks and many ski slopes as well. Skiing, hiking, mountain biking, tennis and even volleyball are also popular activities in the area. There are also many lakes in near Tehran also, providing great places to play outdoors.

Things to see

Milad Tower

Milad Tower is the tallest tower in Iran. Built in between the Shahrak e gharb and Gisha in Tehrab, it stands 435 m (1,427 ft) high from base to tip of the antenna.

Elahe Gallery

was established on Feb. 1999. Mrs. Elahe Djavaheri, director of Elahe Gallery who herself has been painting for many years believes that Iranian artists are not well recognized by art lovers from other countries, so she started her work based on two important facts:

  • Introducing professional painters of her country, their work of art and their enthusiasm for combining modern art and Iranian original art.
  • Introducing new comers and amateurs who will build the next generation of Iranian Original art.

 

Tehran Virtual Tour

For watch Tehran virtual tour please click here.

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